The most popular poem of Allama Iqbal - Shikwa

I really love the poetry of Dr. Allama Iqbal for its beauty and creativity.

Today I am listening to Shikwa, meaning "Complaint," or Allama Iqbal's most famous poem in Urdu. It consists of two parts: Shikwa and Jawab-e-Shikwa, meaning "Complaint" and "Response to the Complaint," respectively. It is surmised that these poems draw inspiration from the renowned works of John Milton, namely "Paradise Lost" and "Paradise Regained." Shikwa showcases Iqbal's masterful use of Urdu vocabulary and highlights the achievements of Muslims.

In Shikwa, Iqbal assumes the role of an oppressed and frustrated Muslim who complains to Allah Almighty about the challenges faced by Muslims. The second part, Jawab-e-Shikwa, presents a hypothetical scenario where Allah Himself responds to the grievances of the complaining Muslim. Unfortunately, during that era, some scholars criticized Iqbal, accusing him of disrespecting God. I am not sure if I would write anything like this but I do find it creative and beautiful. Apparently Iqbal received recognition and praise for his contributions to Urdu poetry and Islamic literature.

Shikwa - Transliterated Poem and Translation


Stanza (1)

Kyun Ziyaan Kaar Banun, Sood Framosh Rahun
Fikr-e-Farda Na Karum, Mahw-e-Ghum-e-Dosh Rahun

 Why should I choose the loser’s role? Forbear to seek what gain I may?
Nor think of what the morrow holds, But brood o’er woes of yesterday?

Naale Bulbul Ke Sunoon, Aur Hama Tan Gosh Rahun
Humnawa Main Bhi Koi Gul Hun Ke Khamosh Rahun

Why should my ears enraptured hear the plaintive notes of Philomel?
Fellow‐bard! a rose am I to lose me in sweet music’s swell?

Jurrat Aamoz Miri Taab-e-Sakhun Hai Mujh Ko
Shikwa Allah Se Khakam Badahan Hai Mujh Ko

For I too have the gift of song which gives me courage to complain,
But ah! ‘tis none but God Himself whom I, in sorrow, must arraign!

Stanza (2)

Hai Baja Shewa-e-Tasleem Mein Mashoor Hain Hum
Qissa-e-Dard Sunate Hain Ke Majboor Hain Hum

I grant that we have earned repute as ever reconciled to Fate,
But to You still a tale of pain I can no longer help narrate.

Saaz-e-Khamosh Hain, Faryad Se Maamoor Hain Hum
Nala Ata Hai Agar Lab Pe To Maazoor Hain Hum

Though we may seem like voiceless lyres, within, imprisoned anguish cries;
Its urge compels, and I obey, Framing these plaintive melodies.

Ae Khuda Shikwa-e-Arbab-e-Wafa Bhi Sun Le
Khugar-e-Hamd Se Thora Sa Gila Bhi Sun Le

Hear You, O God! these sad complaints from those of proven fealty;
From lips accustomed but to praise hear You these words in blame of You!

Stanza (3)

Thi To Maujood Azal Se Hi Teri Zaat-e-Qadim
Phool Tha Zaib-e-Chaman, Par Na Preshan Thi Shamim

From when eternal Time began, Your Timeless Self had also been;
But then no breeze its sweetness spread though the Rose reigned the garden’s queen.

Shart Insaaf Hai, Ae Sahib-e-Altaf-e-Amim
Boo-e-Gul Phailti Kis Tarah Jo Hoti Na Nasim

Canst You, in justice, but confess, O Lord! from whom all favours flow,
Had not the south wind toiled in love the world Your fragrance would not know?

Hum Ko Jamiat-e-Khatir Ye Preshani Thi
Warna Ummat Tere Mehboob (S.A.W.) Ki Diwani Thi

The glad travail we sought for You Rejoiced our souls and was our pride—
Thinkst You the followers of Your Friend Insanely spread Your Truth so wide?

Stanza (4)

Hum Se Pehle Tha Ajab Tere Jahan Ka Manzar
Kahin Masjood The Pathar, Kahin Maabood Shajar

Before we came, how strange a sight was this most beauteous world of Thine (yours)!
For here to stones men bowed their heads, and there in trees did ‘gods’ enshrine!

Khugar-e-Paikar-e-Mahsoos Thi Insaan Ki Nazar
Manta Phir Koi Un-Dekhe Khuda Ko Kyunkar

Their unenlightened minds could seize nought else but what their eyes could see,
You know, Lord, Your writ ran not—Man neither knew nor worshipped Thee (You)!

Tujh Ko Maalum Hai Leta Tha Koi Naam Tera?
Quwwat-e-Baazoo-e-Muslim Ne Kiya Kaam Tera

And canst You say that even once one of these did Your name recite?
It was the might of Muslim arms fulfilled Your task and gave them Light.

Stanza (5)

Bas Rahe The Yahin Saljuq Bhi, Toorani Bhi
Ahl-e-Chin Cheen Mein, Iran Mein Sasaani Bhi

Yet once there lived the Seljuks here, Turanians too, and wise Chinese,
Sasanians drew their breath and thrived In rose‐perfumed Iranian breeze;

Issi Maamoore Mein Aabad The Yoonani Bhi
Issi Dunya Mein Yahudi Bhi The, Nusraani Bhi

And elsewhere in Your peopled world the Greeks of Yunan held their sway,
While sons of Israel side by side with Christian nations had their day.

Par Tere Naam Pe Talwar Uthai Kis Ne
Baat Jo Bigri Huwi Thi, Woh Banaai Kis Ne

But which among these nations raised the sacred sword in holy fight,
Self‐consecrated to Your cause, to set their crazy world aright?

Stanza (6)

The Hameen Ek Tire Maarka Aaraaon Mein!
Khushkion Mein Kabhi Larte, Kabhi Dariyaon Mein,

’Tis we and we alone who thronged as warriors on Your fields of fray,
And now upon the land we fought and now upon the salt sea spray.

Deen Azaanen Kabhi Europe Ke Kaleesaaon Mein
Kabhi Africa Ke Tapte Huwe Sehraaon Mein.

We made our Azan’s call resound beneath proud spires in Western lands,
And made that magic melody thrill over Afric’s burning sands.

Shan Ankhon Mein Na Jachti Thi Jahan Daron Ki
Kalima Parhte The Hum Chaon Mein Talwaron Ki

The pageantries of mighty kings to us were shows that mattered not,
Beneath the shade of blades unsheathed in Kalima we glory sought.

Stanza (7)

Hum Jo Jeete The To Jnagon Ki Musibat Ke Liye
Aur Merte The Tere Naam Ki Azmat Ke Liye

Our only life was then to face the perils of Your holy wars;
To glorify Your name we died, adorned with hallowed battle scars.

Thi Na Kuch Taeg-Zani Apni Hukumat Ke Liye
Sar-Bakaf Phirte The Kya Dehar Mein Doulat Ke Liye

Not lust for power for our own sakes our drawn‐sword’s playfulness inspired,
Nor roamed we hand‐in‐glove with death for worldly riches we desired.

Qaum Apni Jo Zar-o-Maal-e-Jahan Par Marti,
But Faroshi Ke Iwaz But Shikni Kyon Karti?

Our people, had they set their hearts on this world’s riches or its gold,
Not idol‐breaking would have gone but idols would have bought and sold.

Stanza (8)

Tal Na Sakte The Agar Jang Mein Arh Jate The
Paon Sheron Ke Bhi Maidan Se Ukhar Jate The

We stood our ground like rocks when once the foe had met our phalanx dread;
Before our might the bravest quailed and, vanquished, from the battle fled.

Tujh Se Sarkash Huwa Koi To Bighar Jate The
Taeg Kya Cheez Hai, Hum Toup Se Larh Jate The

And those who offered You affront our swift, relentless fury faced,
Their mightiest arms we set at nought, Their insolence and pride abased.

Naqsh Tauheed Ka Har Dil Pe Bithaya Hum Ne
Zer-e-Khanjar Bhi Yeh Paigham Sunaya Hum Ne

On all men’s minds we set Your seal, Your tawhid’s firm and sure impress—
The selfsame message preached our lips when swords danced high in battle’s stress.

Stanza (9)

Tu Hi Keh De Ke Ukhara Dar-e-Khyber Kis Ne
Sheher Qaiser Ka Jo Tha, Us Ko Kiya Sar Kis Ne

Declare You whose fierce valor once did Khyber’s barriers overthrow?
Or whose resistless might once laid Famed Caesar’s proudest cities low?

Tore Makhluq Khudawandon Ke Paikar Kis Ne
Kaat Kar Rakh Diye Kuffaar Ke Lashkar Kis Ne

Who smashed to dust man’s handwrought gods, those things of straw and earth and clay?
And who did unbelieving hosts to spread Your name and glory slay?

Kis Ne Thanda Kiya Atishkuda-e-Iran Ko?
Kis Ne Phir Zinda Kiya Tazkara-e-Yazdaan Ko?

And who was it that quenched and cooled the fiery urns of fair Iran?
And in that land did once again revive the worship of Yazdan?

Stanza (10)

Kon Si Qoum Faqat Teri Talabgar Huwi
Aur Tere Liye Zehmat Kash-e-Paikaar Huwi

Among those nations, was there one who craved You as we craved and sought?
Or risked the perils of fell war that Your Divinest will be wrought?

Kis Ki Shamsheer Jahangeer, Jahandar Huwi
Kis Ki Takbeer Se Dunya Teri Baidar Huwi

Whose was that conquest‐thirsty sword which won and held the world in fee?
And whose the Takbeer‐sounding call, which wakened all the world to You?

Kis Ki Haibat Se Sanam Sehme Huwe Rehte The
Munh Ke Bal Gir Ke 'HU WA-ALLAH HU AHAD' Kehte The

Whose was the fateful wrath which made all idols shrink in terror just?
“There is no god but God,” they cried, as crumbling down they kissed the dust.

Stanza (11)

Aa Gaya Ain Laraai Mein Agar Waqt-e-Namaz
Qibla Ru Ho Ke Zameen Bos Huwi Qoum-e-Hijaz

 When worship’s ordained hour was come, and furious raged the battle’s fray,
Those men of Hijaz, staunch in You, facing Your Ka‘ba, bowed to pray.

Ek Hi Saf Mein Khare Ho Gaye Mahmood-o-Ayaz,
No Koi Banda Raha Aur Na Koi Banda Nawaz.

Mahmood the king and slave Ayaz, in line, as equals, stood arrayed,
The lord was no more lord to slave: while both to the One Master prayed.

Banda-o-Sahib-o-Mauhtaaj-o-Ghani Aik Huwe
Teri Sarkar Mein Pohanche To Sabhi Aik Huwe

Slave or slave’s master, rich or poor, no sense of difference then felt,
For each a brother was to each when in Your Presence, Lord, they knelt.

Stanza (12)

Mehfil-e-Kon-o-Makan Mein Sehar-o-Sham Phire
Mai-e-Tauheed Ko Lekar Sifat-e-Jam Phire

And You do know we went about at sunrise or when stars did shine,
In banquet‐halls of Time and Space, like goblets, filled with tawhid’s wine

Koh Mein, Dasht Mein Le Kar Tera Pegham Phire
Aur Maaloom Hai Tujh Ko, Kabhi Nakaam Phire !

Both heights and lowlands we traversed to spread Your message; O glad pain!
Not even once, You know well, we strove against the world in vain.

Dasht To Dasht Hain, Darya Bhi Na Chhore Hum Ne
Bahr-e-Zulmaat Mein Daura Diye Ghore Hum Ne

Not only land we bore Your Word glorious across the heaving seas,
Upon our steed of zeal, we rode unto their darkest boundaries!

Stanza (13)

Safah-e-Dahar Se Baatil Ko Mitaya Hum Ne
Nau-e-Insaan Ko Ghulami Se Chhuraya Hum Ne

We who removed from this world’s book the leaves which were with falsehood stained,
We who, from tyrant ignorance, The prisoned human race unchained,

Tere Kaabe Ko Jabeenon Se Basaya Hum Ne
Tere Quran Ko Seenon Se Lagaya Hum Ne

We who with myriad sajdas filled Your Holy Kaʹba’s hallowed shrine,
Whose bosoms reverently held Your great and glorious Book Divine—

Phir Bhi Hum Se Yeh Gila Hai Ke Wafadar Nahin
Hum Wafadar Nahin, Tu Bhi To Dildar Nahin!

If our meed still the obloquy that we have shirked the Faithful’s part,
How then canst You make claim to be the kindly faith‐compelling heart?

Stanza (14)

Ummatain Aur Bhi Hain, In Mein Gunahgar Bhi Hain
Ejz Wale Bhi Hain, Mast-e-Mai-e-Pindar Bhi Hain

For there are those of other faiths Among whom many sinners ,
Some humble, others puffed with pride, Drunken in their effrontery;

In Mein Kahil Bhi Hain, Ghafil Bhi Hain, Hushyar Bhi Hain
Saikron Hain Ke Tere Naam Se Baizar Bhi Hain

If some have vision, thousands are of little worth, neglectful, worse;
And millions upon millions live from Your dear, glorious name averse.

Rehmatain Hain Teri Aghiyar Ke Kashaanon Par
Barq Girti Hai To Bechare Musalmanon Par

Yet see how still Your bounties rain on roofs 0f unbelieving clans,
While strikes Your thunder‐bolt the homes of all‐forbearing Mussalmans!

Stanza (15)

Boott Sanam Khanon Mein Kehte Hain, Musalman Gye
Hai Khushi In Ko Ke Kaabe Ke Nigehban Gye

In idol‐houses, hark! they say, “Behold, the Muslim star sinks low!
How glad they are that now at last Your Kaʹba’s brave protectors go!

Manzil-e-dehr Se Unthon Ke Hudi Khawan Gye
Apni Baghlon Mein Dabaye Huwe Quran Gye

They say, “The world is well rid now of hymn‐reciting camel‐men,
Their Quran folded in their arms, At last they hie them from our ken!

Khandah Zan Kufr Hai, Ehsas Tujhe Hai Ke Nahin
Apni Touheed Ka Kuch Paas Tujhe Hai Ke Nahin

Thus they rejoice who own You not; Yet still unmindful seemest You
Of Yours own One‐ness, Your Tawhid—Are You so unregarding now?

Stanza (16)

Ye Shikayatt Nahin, Hain Un Ke Khazane Maamur
Nahin Mehfil Mein Jinhain Baat Bhi Karne Ka Shaur

That ignorant men who lack the grace to ope their lips in conclave high
Should have their coffers treasure‐filled, is not the burden of our sigh;

Qehar To Ye Hai Ke Kafir Ko Milain Hoor-o-Qasoor
Aur Bechare Musalman Ko Faqat Wada-e-Hoor

But O, that this world’s best should fall to unbelievers from Your hand
While we on promises are fed of pleasures in a shadowy land!

Ab Woh Altaf Nahin, Hum Pe Anayat Nahin
Baat Ye Kya Hai Ke Pehli Si Madarat Nahin

Where are those favours which You once upon our grateful hearts didst pour ?
Why cherishest You not, O Lord, The Faithful as in days of yore?

Stanza (17)

Kyun Musalmanon Mein Hai Doulat-e-Dunya Nayaab
Teri Qudrat To Hai Woh Jis Ki Na Had Hai Na Hisab

Why from the bounties of this life The Faithful now no profit gain
Though still Almighty You remainest and limitless Your means remain?

Tu Jo Chahe To Uthe Seena-e-Sehra Se Habab
Rahroo-e-Dasht Ho Seeli Zada Mouj-e-Saraab

If You but will, fountains can flow from barren desert and parched sands,
And mirage‐bound a traveller be while walking through green forest lands:

Taan-e-Aghiyaar Hai, Ruswai Hai, Nadaari Hai,
Kya Tere Nam Pe Marne Ka Iwaz Khwari Hai?

Yet foe-men‐taunted, grace‐deprived, and poorest of the poor are we!
Is this Your recompense to those who sacrifice their lives for You?

Stanza (18)

Bani Aghyar Ki Ab Chahne Wali Dunya
Reh Gyi Apne Liye Aik Khiyali Dunya

Your  world, how eagerly, today on strangers, all its grace bestows:
For those who walk Your chosen way a world of dreams its glamour throws!

Hum To Rukhsat Huwe, Auron Ne Sanbhali Dunya
Phir Na Kehna Huwi Touheed Se Khali Dunya

So be it then, so let us pass, let other nations hold the sway—
When we are gone, reproach us not that tawhid too has passed away!

Hum Tau Jeete Hain Ke Duniya Mein Tira Naam Rahe,
Kahin Mumkin Hai Saqi Na Rahe, Jaam Rahe?

We live here only that Your Name may live here in men’s minds enshrined;
Can saki bid his last adieu and leave Love’s cup and wine behind?

Stanza (19)

Teri Mehfil Bhi Gai, Chahne Walw Bhi Gaye,
Shab Ki Aahen Bhi Gaien, Subah Ke Nale Bhi Gaye,

Your  court‐yard empties. They depart who came to worship and adore;
The midnight’s sighs, the dawn’s lament, now You wilt miss for evermore!

Dil Tujhe Debhi Gaye, Apna Sila Le Bhi Gaye,
Aa Ke Baithe Bhi Na The, Ke Nikaale Bhi Gaye.

They came, they gave their hearts to You, they had their recompense, and went.
But hardly they had seated been when from Your Presence they were sent!

Aae Ushaaq, Gaye Waada-e-Farda Lekar,
Ab Unhen Dhoond Charag-e-Rukh-e-Zeba Lekar!

They came glad lovers, begging love; with future promise turned away:
Go, shine Your Beauty’s lamp about and seek and win them if You may!

Stanza (20)

Dard-e-Laila Bhi Wohi, Qais Ka Pahlu Bhi Wohi,
Nejd Ke Dasht-o-Jabal Mein Ram-e-Aahoo Bhi Wohi,

The love of Layla burneth still, And Majnun passion’s yearning knows;
In hill and valley of the Nejd the fleet gazelle still leaping goes;

Ishq Ka Dil Bhi Wohi, Husn Ka Jaadoo Bhi Wohi,
Ummat-e-Ahmed-e-Mursil Bhi Wohi, Tu Bhi Wohi,

The soul of Love is still the same, still, Beauty’s magic charms enthral,
Your Ahmad’s feemen still abide; and You art there, the soul of all.

Phir Yeh Aazurdagi-e-Ghair-Sabab Kya Maani,
Apne Shaidaaon Pe Yeh Chashm-e-Ghazab Kya Maani?

Then Stranger! why estranged today the bond of love ‘twixt You and Yours?
Upon the Faithful, O Unkind, why frowns Your eye of wrath Divine?

Stanza (21)

Tujh Ko Chora Ke Rasool-e-Arabi (S.A.W.) Ko Chora?
Boutgari Paisha Kiya, Bout Shikani Ko Chora?

Did we forswear our faith to You? to Your Dear Prophet cease to cling?
Of idol‐breaking did we tire? or take to idol‐worshipping?

Ishq Ko, Ishq Ki Ashuftah-Sari Ko Chora?
Rasm-e-Salman (R.A.)-o-Awais-e-Qarani (R.A.) Ko Chora?

Or did we weary of Your Love, or Your Love’s rapture ever shun?
Or turned we from the path which trod Qaran’s Owais and Salman?

Aag Takbeer Ki Seenon Mein Dabi Rakhte Hain
Zindagi Misl-e-Bilal-e-Habshi (R.A.) Rakhte Hain

Your Takbeer’s unextinguished flame within our hearts we cherish yet:
Aethiop Belal’s life, the star by which our own lives’ course we set!

Stanza (22)

Ishq Ki Khair, Who Pehli Si Ada Bhi Na Sahi,
Jaada Paimaai Taslim-o-Raza Bhi Na Sahi,

But even if a change has been, and we in Love are less adept,
Or out of resignation’s path our erring wayward feet have stept;

Muztarib Dil Sifat-e-Qibla Nama Bhi Na Sahi
Aur Pabandi-e-Aaeen-e-Wafa Bhi Na Sahi

If, unlike trusted compasses, our souls respond not now to you,
And if to laws of faithfulness our roving hearts are now less true ;

Kabhi Hum Se, Kabhi Ghairon Se Shanasaai Hai
Baat Kehne Ki Nahin, Tu Bhi To Harjaai Hai

Must You too play the fickle flirt with us, with others, day by day,
We cannot help the sinful thought which shame forbids our lips to say.

Stanza (23)

Sar-e-Faran Pe Kiya Deen Ko Kamil Tu Ne
Ek Ishare Mein Hazaron Ke Liye Dil Tu Ne

Upon the peak of Mount Faran Your glorious Faith You didst perfect—
With one Divinest gesture drew a host of fervid first‐elect;

Atish Andoz Kiya Ishq Ka Hasil Tu Ne
Phoonk Di Garmi-e-Rukhsar Se Mehfil Tu Ne

Your flaming Beauty filled the world and set a myriad hearts on fire;
Then blew the quintessence of Love in Man to passion’s wild desire.

Aaj Kyun Seene Humare Sharar Abad Nahin
Hum Wohi Sokhta Saman Hain, Tuhe Yaad Nahin?

Ah, why within our deadened hearts that holy flame today leaps not?
Though still those burnt‐out victims we which once we were, have You forgot?

Stanza (24)

Wadi-e-Najd Mein Woh Shor-e-Silasil Na Raha
Qais Diwana-e-Nazara Mehmil Na Raha

Upon the dale of Nejd is stilled the clanging of the captive’s chains;
To glimpse the camel‐litter, Qais no longer with his madness strains

Hosle Woh Na Rahe, Hum Na Rahe, Dil Na Raha
Ghar Ye Ujhra Hai Ke Tu Ronaq-e-Mehfil Na Raha

The yearnings of the heart are dead, the heart itself is cold; so we;
And desolation fills our house for shines not there the Light of You.

Ae Khush Aan Roz Ke Ayi-o-Bsad Naz Ayi
Be-Hijabana Soo'ay Mehfil-e-Ma Baaz Ayi

O blessed day when You shall come, a thousand graces in Your train
When by unbashful glad feet turn towards our nesting‐place again.

Stanza (25)

Badahkash Gair Hain Gulshan Mein Lab-e-Joo Baithe
Sunte Hain Jaam Bakaf Naghma-e-Kuku Baithe

 Beside the garden fountain now, quaffing wine, strangers sit, alas!
The cuckoo’s note their ear regales and their hands hold the sparkling glass!

Door Hungama-e-Gulzar Se Yak Soo Baithe
Tere Diwane Bhi Hain Muntazir 'Hoo' Baithe

From all this garden’s riot far, Calm in a corner seated too,
Love‐longing lunatics await Your frenzy‐kindling breath of 'hu'!

Apne Parwanon Ko Phir Zauq-e-Khud Afrozi De
Barq-e-Dairina Ko Farman-e-Jigar Sozi De

The passion for the flame’s embrace—Your moths—ah, let them once more know;
And bid Your ancient lightning strike and set these ash‐cold hearts aglow!

Stanza (26)

Qoum-e-Awara Anaa Taab Hai Phir Soo'ay Hijaz
Le Ura Bulbul-e-Be Par Ko Mazak-e-Parwaz

Towards the Hijaz turn again the straying tribe their bridle‐strings!
Lo, wingless soars the nightingale aloft, upon its yearning’s wings!

Muztarib Bagh Ke Har Ghunche Mein Hai Boo'ay Niaz
Tu Zara Chair To De, Tashna-e-Mizrab Hai Saaz

The fragrance in each blossom hid within the garden palpitates,
But with Your plectrum wake its strings—The lute that livening touch awaits!

Naghme Betaab Hain Taron Se Niklne Ke Liye
Toor Muztar Hai Ussi Aag Mein Jalne Ke Liye

Yea, longs to break its prison’s bounds the string‐imprisoned melody;
And yearning Sinai waits again to burn itself to dust in You

Stanza (27)

Mushkalain Ummat-e-Marhoom Ki Asan Kar De
Moor-e-Bemaya Ko Humdosh-e-Suleman Kar De

Resolve, O Lord! the travail sore which this Your chosen people tries,
Make You the ant of little worth to Solomon’s proud stature rise!

Jins-e-Nayaab-e-Mohabbat Ko Phir Arzaan Kar De
Hind Ke Dair Nasheenon Ko Musalman Kar De

Bring You, O Lord, with our grasp that most rare love for which we pray;
To India’s temple‐squatters teach the truth of the Islamic way.

Joo'ay Khoon Mee Chakad Az Hasrat-e-Dairina-e-Maa
Mee Tapd Nala Ba Nashtar Kadah-e-Seena-e-Maa

Our hearts’ desires, long unfulfilled, unceasingly our life‐blood drain;
Our breasts, with thousand daggers pierced, still struggle with their cry of pain!

Stanza (28)

Boo-e-Gul Le Gyi Bairun-e-Chaman Raaz-e-Chaman
Kya Qayamat Hai Ke Khud Phool Hain Ghammaz-e-Chaman !

The fragrance of the rose has borne the garden’s secret far away—
How sad it is, the traitor’s role the garden’s sweetest buds should play!

Ahd-e-Gul Khatam Hua, Tut Gaya Saaz-e-Chaman,
Ur Gaye Dalion Se Zamzama Pardaaz-e-Chaman.

The bloom‐time of the rose is done; the garden‐harp now shattered lies;
And from its perch upon the twig, away each feathered songster flies—

Ek Bulbul Hai Ke Hai Mahw-e-Tarannum Ab Tak,
Us Ke Seene Mein Hai Naghmon Ka Talatam Ab Tak.

But yet there uncompanioned sits A lonely bulbul, all day long;
Its throat a‐throb with music still and pouring out its heart in song.

Stanza (29)

Qumrian Shaakh-e-Sanober Se Gurezaan Bhi Huin,
Pattian Phool Ki Jhar Jhar Ke Pareshan Bhi Huin;

The darkening cypress sways no more; from shadowy nests its doves have fled;
The withered blossoms droop and die, and all around their petals shed;

Who Purani Ravishen Bagh Ki Weeran Bhi Huin,
Daalian Parahan-e-Barg Se Uriaan Bhi Huin.

Those memoried, old garden walks of all their former pride lie shorn,
Despoiled of raiment green, each branch in nakedness now stands forlorn;

Qaid-e-Mausim Se Tabiat Rahi Aazad Uski,
Kaash Gulshan Mein Samjhta Koi Faryaad Uski.

Unmoved by passing seasons’ change, the songster sits and sings alone:
Would there were in this garden some could feel the burden of its moan!

Stanza (30)

Lutf Merne Main Hai Baqi, Na Maza Jeene Mein
Kuch Maza Hai To Yehi Khoon-e-Jigar Peene Mein

This life no more its joy retains, nor even death can bring relief;
‘Tis sweet to sit alone and sigh and eat a sad heart out in grief.

Kitne Betaab Hain Jouhar Mere Aaeene Mein
Kis Qadar Jalwe Tarapte Hain Mere Seene Mein

Out from the mirror of my soul ‘ what gems of thought now strive to shine;
What visions splendid, dreams sublime,

Iss Gulistan Mein Magar Dekhne Wale Hi Nahin
Dagh Jo Seene Mein Rakhte Hun, Woh Lale Hi Nahin

Arise within this breast of mine! but in this garden lives not one to see and hear, to feel and know:
No tulip with its streak of pain, to sense my heart‐blood’s smarting flow.

Stanza (31)

Chaak Iss Bulbul-e-Tanha Ki Nawa Se Dil Hon
Jaagne Wale Issi Bang-e-Dara Se Dil Hon

May this sad bulbuls lonely song to grief each listening soul awake;
The clangour of these rousing bells make drowsy hearts their sleep forsake!

Yani Phir Zinda Naye Ehd-e-Wafa Se Dil Hon
Phir Issi Bada-e-Deerina Ke Pyaase Dil Hon

Let Faithful hearts re‐plight their troth, and forge afresh their bond Divine;
Let in the long‐parched heart of each the old thirst wake for sweet old wine!

Ajami Khum Hai To Kya, Mai To Hijazi Hai Meri
Naghma Hindi Hai To Kya, Lai To Hijazi Hai Meri

The blood of sweet Arabian vine O’erflows this wine‐jar Ajamy,
Although the singer sings in Ind, ff Hijaz is his melody.

Shikva in Hindi

क्यूँ ज़याँ-कार बनूँ सूद-फ़रामोश रहूँ
फ़िक्र-ए-फ़र्दा न करूँ महव-ए-ग़म-ए-दोश रहूँ
नाले बुलबुल के सुनूँ और हमा-तन गोश रहूँ
हम-नवा मैं भी कोई गुल हूँ कि ख़ामोश रहूँ
जुरअत-आमोज़ मिरी ताब-ए-सुख़न है मुझ को
शिकवा अल्लाह से ख़ाकम-ब-दहन है मुझ को
है बजा शेवा-ए-तस्लीम में मशहूर हैं हम
क़िस्सा-ए-दर्द सुनाते हैं कि मजबूर हैं हम
साज़ ख़ामोश हैं फ़रियाद से मामूर हैं हम
नाला आता है अगर लब पे तो माज़ूर हैं हम
ऐ ख़ुदा शिकवा-ए-अर्बाब-ए-वफ़ा भी सुन ले
ख़ूगर-ए-हम्द से थोड़ा सा गिला भी सुन ले
थी तो मौजूद अज़ल से ही तिरी ज़ात-ए-क़दीम
फूल था ज़ेब-ए-चमन पर न परेशाँ थी शमीम
शर्त इंसाफ़ है ऐ साहिब-ए-अल्ताफ़-ए-अमीम
बू-ए-गुल फैलती किस तरह जो होती न नसीम
हम को जमईयत-ए-ख़ातिर ये परेशानी थी
वर्ना उम्मत तिरे महबूब की दीवानी थी
हम से पहले था अजब तेरे जहाँ का मंज़र
कहीं मस्जूद थे पत्थर कहीं माबूद शजर
ख़ूगर-ए-पैकर-ए-महसूस थी इंसाँ की नज़र
मानता फिर कोई अन-देखे ख़ुदा को क्यूँकर
तुझ को मालूम है लेता था कोई नाम तिरा
क़ुव्वत-ए-बाज़ू-ए-मुस्लिम ने किया काम तिरा
बस रहे थे यहीं सल्जूक़ भी तूरानी भी
अहल-ए-चीं चीन में ईरान में सासानी भी
इसी मामूरे में आबाद थे यूनानी भी
इसी दुनिया में यहूदी भी थे नसरानी भी
पर तिरे नाम पे तलवार उठाई किस ने
बात जो बिगड़ी हुई थी वो बनाई किस ने
थे हमीं एक तिरे मारका-आराओं में
ख़ुश्कियों में कभी लड़ते कभी दरियाओं में
दीं अज़ानें कभी यूरोप के कलीसाओं में
कभी अफ़्रीक़ा के तपते हुए सहराओं में
शान आँखों में न जचती थी जहाँ-दारों की
कलमा पढ़ते थे हमीं छाँव में तलवारों की
हम जो जीते थे तो जंगों की मुसीबत के लिए
और मरते थे तिरे नाम की अज़्मत के लिए
थी न कुछ तेग़ज़नी अपनी हुकूमत के लिए
सर-ब-कफ़ फिरते थे क्या दहर में दौलत के लिए
क़ौम अपनी जो ज़र-ओ-माल-ए-जहाँ पर मरती
बुत-फ़रोशीं के एवज़ बुत-शिकनी क्यूँ करती
टल न सकते थे अगर जंग में अड़ जाते थे
पाँव शेरों के भी मैदाँ से उखड़ जाते थे
तुझ से सरकश हुआ कोई तो बिगड़ जाते थे
तेग़ क्या चीज़ है हम तोप से लड़ जाते थे
नक़्श-ए-तौहीद का हर दिल पे बिठाया हम ने
ज़ेर-ए-ख़ंजर भी ये पैग़ाम सुनाया हम ने
तू ही कह दे कि उखाड़ा दर-ए-ख़ैबर किस ने
शहर क़ैसर का जो था उस को किया सर किस ने
तोड़े मख़्लूक़ ख़ुदावंदों के पैकर किस ने
काट कर रख दिए कुफ़्फ़ार के लश्कर किस ने
किस ने ठंडा किया आतिश-कदा-ए-ईराँ को
किस ने फिर ज़िंदा किया तज़्किरा-ए-यज़्दाँ को
कौन सी क़ौम फ़क़त तेरी तलबगार हुई
और तेरे लिए ज़हमत-कश-ए-पैकार हुई
किस की शमशीर जहाँगीर जहाँ-दार हुई
किस की तकबीर से दुनिया तिरी बेदार हुई
किस की हैबत से सनम सहमे हुए रहते थे
मुँह के बल गिर के हू-अल्लाहू-अहद कहते थे
आ गया ऐन लड़ाई में अगर वक़्त-ए-नमाज़
क़िबला-रू हो के ज़मीं-बोस हुई क़ौम-ए-हिजाज़
एक ही सफ़ में खड़े हो गए महमूद ओ अयाज़
न कोई बंदा रहा और न कोई बंदा-नवाज़
बंदा ओ साहब ओ मोहताज ओ ग़नी एक हुए
तेरी सरकार में पहुँचे तो सभी एक हुए
महफ़िल-ए-कौन-ओ-मकाँ में सहर ओ शाम फिरे
मय-ए-तौहीद को ले कर सिफ़त-ए-जाम फिरे
कोह में दश्त में ले कर तिरा पैग़ाम फिरे
और मालूम है तुझ को कभी नाकाम फिरे
दश्त तो दश्त हैं दरिया भी न छोड़े हम ने
बहर-ए-ज़ुल्मात में दौड़ा दिए घोड़े हम ने
सफ़्हा-ए-दहर से बातिल को मिटाया हम ने
नौ-ए-इंसाँ को ग़ुलामी से छुड़ाया हम ने
तेरे काबे को जबीनों से बसाया हम ने
तेरे क़ुरआन को सीनों से लगाया हम ने
फिर भी हम से ये गिला है कि वफ़ादार नहीं
हम वफ़ादार नहीं तू भी तो दिलदार नहीं
उम्मतें और भी हैं उन में गुनहगार भी हैं
इज्ज़ वाले भी हैं मस्त-ए-मय-ए-पिंदार भी हैं
उन में काहिल भी हैं ग़ाफ़िल भी हैं हुश्यार भी हैं
सैकड़ों हैं कि तिरे नाम से बे-ज़ार भी हैं
रहमतें हैं तिरी अग़्यार के काशानों पर
बर्क़ गिरती है तो बेचारे मुसलामानों पर
बुत सनम-ख़ानों में कहते हैं मुसलमान गए
है ख़ुशी उन को कि काबे के निगहबान गए
मंज़िल-ए-दहर से ऊँटों के हुदी-ख़्वान गए
अपनी बग़लों में दबाए हुए क़ुरआन गए
ख़ंदा-ज़न कुफ़्र है एहसास तुझे है कि नहीं
अपनी तौहीद का कुछ पास तुझे है कि नहीं
ये शिकायत नहीं हैं उन के ख़ज़ाने मामूर
नहीं महफ़िल में जिन्हें बात भी करने का शुऊर
क़हर तो ये है कि काफ़िर को मिलें हूर ओ क़ुसूर
और बेचारे मुसलमाँ को फ़क़त वादा-ए-हूर
अब वो अल्ताफ़ नहीं हम पे इनायात नहीं
बात ये क्या है कि पहली सी मुदारात नहीं
क्यूँ मुसलामानों में है दौलत-ए-दुनिया नायाब
तेरी क़ुदरत तो है वो जिस की न हद है न हिसाब
तू जो चाहे तो उठे सीना-ए-सहरा से हबाब
रह-रव-ए-दश्त हो सैली-ज़दा-ए-मौज-ए-सराब
तान-ए-अग़्यार है रुस्वाई है नादारी है
क्या तिरे नाम पे मरने का एवज़ ख़्वारी है
बनी अग़्यार की अब चाहने वाली दुनिया
रह गई अपने लिए एक ख़याली दुनिया
हम तो रुख़्सत हुए औरों ने सँभाली दुनिया
फिर न कहना हुई तौहीद से ख़ाली दुनिया
हम तो जीते हैं कि दुनिया में तिरा नाम रहे
कहीं मुमकिन है कि साक़ी न रहे जाम रहे
तेरी महफ़िल भी गई चाहने वाले भी गए
शब की आहें भी गईं सुब्ह के नाले भी गए
दिल तुझे दे भी गए अपना सिला ले भी गए
आ के बैठे भी न थे और निकाले भी गए
आए उश्शाक़ गए वादा-ए-फ़र्दा ले कर
अब उन्हें ढूँड चराग़-ए-रुख़-ए-ज़ेबा ले कर
दर्द-ए-लैला भी वही क़ैस का पहलू भी वही
नज्द के दश्त ओ जबल में रम-ए-आहू भी वही
इश्क़ का दिल भी वही हुस्न का जादू भी वही
उम्मत-ए-अहमद-ए-मुर्सिल भी वही तू भी वही
फिर ये आज़ुर्दगी-ए-ग़ैर सबब क्या मअ'नी
अपने शैदाओं पे ये चश्म-ए-ग़ज़ब क्या मअ'नी
तुझ को छोड़ा कि रसूल-ए-अरबी को छोड़ा
बुत-गरी पेशा किया बुत-शिकनी को छोड़ा
इश्क़ को इश्क़ की आशुफ़्ता-सरी को छोड़ा
रस्म-ए-सलमान ओ उवैस-ए-क़रनी को छोड़ा
आग तकबीर की सीनों में दबी रखते हैं
ज़िंदगी मिस्ल-ए-बिलाल-ए-हबशी रखते हैं
इश्क़ की ख़ैर वो पहली सी अदा भी न सही
जादा-पैमाई-ए-तस्लीम-ओ-रज़ा भी न सही
मुज़्तरिब दिल सिफ़त-ए-क़िबला-नुमा भी न सही
और पाबंदी-ए-आईन-ए-वफ़ा भी न सही
कभी हम से कभी ग़ैरों से शनासाई है
बात कहने की नहीं तू भी तो हरजाई है
सर-ए-फ़ाराँ पे किया दीन को कामिल तू ने
इक इशारे में हज़ारों के लिए दिल तू ने
आतिश-अंदोज़ किया इश्क़ का हासिल तू ने
फूँक दी गर्मी-ए-रुख़्सार से महफ़िल तू ने
आज क्यूँ सीने हमारे शरर-आबाद नहीं
हम वही सोख़्ता-सामाँ हैं तुझे याद नहीं
वादी-ए-नज्द में वो शोर-ए-सलासिल न रहा
क़ैस दीवाना-ए-नज़्ज़ारा-ए-महमिल न रहा
हौसले वो न रहे हम न रहे दिल न रहा
घर ये उजड़ा है कि तू रौनक़-ए-महफ़िल न रहा
ऐ ख़ुशा आँ रोज़ कि आई ओ ब-सद नाज़ आई
बे-हिजाबाना सू-ए-महफ़िल-ए-मा बाज़ आई
बादा-कश ग़ैर हैं गुलशन में लब-ए-जू बैठे
सुनते हैं जाम-ब-कफ़ नग़्मा-ए-कू-कू बैठे
दौर हंगामा-ए-गुलज़ार से यकसू बैठे
तेरे दीवाने भी हैं मुंतज़िर-ए-हू बैठे
अपने परवानों को फिर ज़ौक़-ए-ख़ुद-अफ़रोज़ी दे
बर्क़-ए-देरीना को फ़रमान-ए-जिगर-सोज़ी दे
क़ौम-ए-आवारा इनाँ-ताब है फिर सू-ए-हिजाज़
ले उड़ा बुलबुल-ए-बे-पर को मज़ाक़-ए-परवाज़
मुज़्तरिब-बाग़ के हर ग़ुंचे में है बू-ए-नियाज़
तू ज़रा छेड़ तो दे तिश्ना-ए-मिज़राब है साज़
नग़्मे बेताब हैं तारों से निकलने के लिए
तूर मुज़्तर है उसी आग में जलने के लिए
मुश्किलें उम्मत-ए-मरहूम की आसाँ कर दे
मोर-ए-बे-माया को हम-दोश-ए-सुलेमाँ कर दे
जींस-ए-ना-याब-ए-मोहब्बत को फिर अर्ज़ां कर दे
हिन्द के दैर-नशीनों को मुसलमाँ कर दे
जू-ए-ख़ूँ मी चकद अज़ हसरत-ए-दैरीना-ए-मा
मी तपद नाला ब-निश्तर कद-ए-सीना-ए-मा
बू-ए-गुल ले गई बैरून-ए-चमन राज़-ए-चमन
क्या क़यामत है कि ख़ुद फूल हैं ग़म्माज़-ए-चमन
अहद-ए-गुल ख़त्म हुआ टूट गया साज़-ए-चमन
उड़ गए डालियों से ज़मज़मा-पर्दाज़-ए-चमन
एक बुलबुल है कि महव-ए-तरन्नुम अब तक
उस के सीने में है नग़्मों का तलातुम अब तक
क़ुमरियाँ शाख़-ए-सनोबर से गुरेज़ाँ भी हुईं
पत्तियाँ फूल की झड़ झड़ के परेशाँ भी हुईं
वो पुरानी रविशें बाग़ की वीराँ भी हुईं
डालियाँ पैरहन-ए-बर्ग से उर्यां भी हुईं
क़ैद-ए-मौसम से तबीअत रही आज़ाद उस की
काश गुलशन में समझता कोई फ़रियाद उस की
लुत्फ़ मरने में है बाक़ी न मज़ा जीने में
कुछ मज़ा है तो यही ख़ून-ए-जिगर पीने में
कितने बेताब हैं जौहर मिरे आईने में
किस क़दर जल्वे तड़पते हैं मिरे सीने में
इस गुलिस्ताँ में मगर देखने वाले ही नहीं
दाग़ जो सीने में रखते हों वो लाले ही नहीं
चाक इस बुलबुल-ए-तन्हा की नवा से दिल हों
जागने वाले इसी बाँग-ए-दिरा से दिल हों
यानी फिर ज़िंदा नए अहद-ए-वफ़ा से दिल हों
फिर इसी बादा-ए-दैरीना के प्यासे दिल हों
अजमी ख़ुम है तो क्या मय तो हिजाज़ी है मिरी
नग़्मा हिन्दी है तो क्या लय तो हिजाज़ी है मिरी


  1. Aasan Hindi meyn anuvad bhi sath likheyn, taakih padhney waaley samajh bhi sakeyn, ham log Urdu meyn padhtey sameyn bhi dictionary bartatey hain.

  2. 🌹🌷🌹🌷🌹M.Asadullah